Continuing the tradition of the 1963, 1977, and 1994 AECT projects to define the ever-changing contours of the field, the Definition and Terminology Committee completed the most recent definitional effort with the publication of Educational Technology: A Definition with Commentary in 2007. In one respect, the term has come to mean something narrower – the above definition would admit art or politics as means of gain, yet though those activities are permeated by technology now, most of us would not consider them to be examples or subsets of technology.
Some of the most poignant criticisms of technology are found in what are now considered to be dystopian literary classics, for example Aldous Huxley ‘s Brave New World and other writings, Anthony Burgess ‘s A Clockwork Orange , and George Orwell ‘s Nineteen Eighty-Four And, in Faust by Goethe , Faust’s selling his soul to the devil in return for power over the physical world, is also often interpreted as a metaphor for the adoption of industrial technology.
Until recently, it was believed that the development of technology was restricted only to human beings, but 21st century scientific studies indicate that other primates and certain dolphin communities have developed simple tools and passed their knowledge to other generations.
These include primates such as chimpanzees , some dolphin communities, 59 60 and crows 61 62 Considering a more generic perspective of technology as ethology of active environmental conditioning and control, we can also refer to animal examples such as beavers and their dams, or bees and their honeycombs.
The mission of the Master of Science in Engineering Management (EMGT) program is to prepare technical managers from fields of engineering, science, math and computer science to manage more effectively within technologically-based organizations and to promote entrepreneurial activities in the formation of new business enterprises.